In preparation for the 150th anniversary of the first ascent of the Matterhorn, mountain guides transformed the spectacular summit into a shining stone icon using Mammut torches. (Robert Boesch/AP Images)
the first wildlife photographs published by National Geographic back in 1906 were taken by George Shiras III, a politician by day and photographer by night.
To achieve his shots, Shiras pioneered a number of different photo-making methods. One was to float silently across water in complete darkness. When he heard rustling nearby, he would point his camera system and snap a flash photograph in that direction.